~ 7 min read

An insight into Vue-3

I see Vue-3 as a library that’s somewhere between react and angular comparing in terms of templating style, component lifecycle methods, middlewares and directives, and dependency injection features

Vue-3 was launched recently in 2020. Having worked with React, Angular, and Ember js, I always preferred to react for frontend projects as it is pretty straightforward to start with minimalist features to learn, unlike angular and other libraries. I see Vue-3 as a library that’s somewhere between react and angular comparing in terms of templating style, component lifecycle methods, middlewares and directives, and dependency injection features. We can say that Vue has inherited good characteristics from its competitor’s react and angular with a lot more of its own. Vue provides a lot of options preserving the simplicity of functional programming and it’s always easy to learn when you have knowledge of any frontend library or framework.

When Vue first started, it was just a runtime library. Over the years, it has evolved into a the framework that encompasses many sub-projects:

  • The core library, i.e. the Vue npm package
  • The documentation, with enough content to be considered a book
  • The build toolchain, i.e. Vue CLI, Vue-loader, and other supporting packages
  • Vue Router for building SPA
  • Vuex for state management
  • Browser dev tools extension for debugging and profiling
  • Vetur, the VSCode extension for Single-File Component IDE support
  • ESLint plugin for static style/error checking
  • Vue Test Utils for component testing
  • Custom JSX transforms that leverage Vue’s runtime features
  • VuePress for Vue-based static site generation

Not just me, the following statistics show the popularity of Vue-3.

Stackoverflow survey

Figure 1: Stackoverflow survey 2020: Most wanted frontend framework

Stackoverflow survey

Figure 2: Stackoverflow survey 2020: Most loved frontend framework

Trends show that Vue has received a lot of love more than any other framework or library and also it’s usage is growing in recent months.

Vue-3 introduced some pretty cool features unique to it. The major change was the composition API that allows us to define functions and variables in a single setup wrapper and use them in our template, unlike the options API where we define methods, watchers, and computed variables and data distinctly.

Personally, I prefer the composition API rather than the options API, no problem you can use any of them.

Below I have mentioned some particular pros and cons of Vue-3 over its predecessors and competitors:


1) Routing

When we talk about frontend libraries we always need to keep in mind the routing libraries available. Vue router is a pretty awesome tool as it has built-in routing instance methods and component injections available which enable developers to handle route re-directions and restrictions in a managed way.

2) CLI

With Vue CLI you can choose a set of plugins to use for your project and the CLI will handle the settings for you.

3) Performance

Vue-3 has improved performance up to 55% than in Vue 2. That’s a huge improvement we can notice in Vue-3 apps. Vue outperforms some of its market competitors like Ember JS, Knockout JS, and Angular JS in performance and memory occupancy.

5) Easy Learning Curve

The entry level will be a bit steeper for Vue-3 compared to react; However, if you are familiar with any libraries/framework like React or Angular, Vue-3 is a piece of cake.

6) Built in Typescript support

Vue-3 itself is written in typescript so that you won’t need any additional tooling to support typescript. Typescript helps to prevent potential runtime errors through static type checking. Also, Typescript may not always be the preferred choice. In such case, Vue always have the option to go with JavaScript to prevent overheads.

7) Two Way Binding

Vue offers reactive two-way data binding functions like in angular. You can use two way binding in input components with the v-modal directive usage.

8) Clear and concise documentation

Vue-3 official documentation is available and it offers a details description from the very basics to getting started with Vue-3 and deployment configurations. The documentation also suggests best libraries to add with Vue-3 that might be important for your project like routing , validation etc.

9) Reactivity

Vue supports reactive variables. Reactivity makes it easy to handle real time updates.With Vue-3 reactivity system, the state can be changed by reassigning values while React uses hooks to maintain and change component state through methods.


1) Maintenance

Whenever the project gets bigger, you have to set up some mechanism to keep up the coding standard and project structure standardized unlike angular which gives support built-in modular implementations.

2) Supporting libraries

Currently, many libraries in Vue-2 are not yet upgraded to Vue-3. This will somewhere may hamper your project’s scalability. However, libraries for common functions

like State management (Vuex), Routing (Vue-router), Internationalization (Vue-18n), Validations (Vee-validate), etc are already developed that you can take advantage of. Overall Vue-3 offers a smaller ecosystem of plugins compared to react or angular.

Some cool features from Vue-3

1) Watchers

One of the hurdles developers face is handling effects whenever some data on the system changes, the effect may include data fetching, firing some event after a timer reaches a specific value etc. Vue watchers allow you to watch changes to data and execute some side effect code.

2) Teleport feature

As stated in Vue-3 official docs, sometimes a part of a component’s template belongs to this component logically, while from a technical point of view, it would be preferable to move this part of the template somewhere else in the DOM, outside of the Vue app. A a common scenario of the use case may be shifting of video tab on side of the window if we scroll while watching it on Facebook or Youtube.

Teleport example:

In the example below the actual modal box is mounted to the body element, not on its immediate parent element.

const app = Vue.createApp({});

app.component('modal-telport-button', {
template: `
<button @click="modalOpen = true">
Open full screen modal! (With teleport!)

<teleport to="body">
<div v-if="modalOpen" class="modal">
I'm a teleported modal!
(My parent is "body")
<button @click="modalOpen = false">
data() {
return {
modalOpen: false


3) v-model directives

The v-model directives seems somewhat influenced by angulars ng-model directive.You can use thev-modeldirective to create two-way databindings on form input, textarea, and select elements. We can mimic v-model functions on a custom component also. Modifiers like lazy , number and trim come handy while v-model on input.

const app = Vue.createApp({});

app.component('v-model-demo', {
template: `
<input type="text" id="name" v-model="state.name" />
setup() {
const state = reactive({
return {


4) Slots

While in react angular and many other similar tools you can pass single child markup element wheres slots can be multiple in Vue-3 where you can pass multiple markups. This allows you to seamlessly design layout components. Slots allow for content distribution.There can be multiple named slots inside a single component which take certain markup as input. An example of named slots is given

#Slot demo component

<div class="container">
<slot name="header"></slot>
<slot name="footer"></slot>

#Usage of slot demo component's


<template #header>


<template #default>

<p>main slot content</p>


<template #footer>



Here, #header is the shorthand for v-slot=”header”

5) Provide/Inject

Provide the data somewhere in the top component hierarchy ie. parent component and use it anywhere down the hierarchy.

The following example demonstrates reactive value injection using a Compute method to make data returned by the Provide function reactive since the data returned is not reactive by default. This ensures changes are reflected in the component using the value.

app.component('todo-list', {
// ...
provide() {
return {
todoLength: Vue.computed(() => this.todos.length)

app.component('todo-list-statistics', {
inject: ['todoLength'],
created() {
console.log(`Injected property: ${this.todoLength.value}`) // > Injected property: 5

Keep in mind, while using any framework/libraries the tools you will need to develop your intended features are supported in the framework. Also if your project is going to be larger you need to choose between whether you are set to refactor your code constantly and whether you want more freedom for modifications or you would like to use more of a constrained framework like Angular, Ember, etc. to maintain consistency in code.


https://cost-of-modules.herokuapp.com/result?p=react@17.0. https://v3.vuejs.org/guide/introduction.html https://stefankrause.net/js-frameworks-benchmark8/table.html https://insights.stackoverflow.com/survey/2020#technology-most-loved-dreaded-and-wanted-web-frameworks-loved https://www.npmtrends.com/@angular/core-vs-backbone-vs-jquery-vs-react-vs-svelte-vs-vue